SAP administration / development Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing SAP software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting <a href="https://whatis.techtarget.com">WhatIs.com</a> or using the search box below.

  • A

    ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming)

    ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming) is the primary programming language supported on the SAP NetWeaver ABAP application server platform and applications that run on it, such as SAP ERP (formerly R/3), S/4HANA and CRM.

  • ABAP Objects

    In the R/3 product from the German software company, SAP, ABAP Objects is a programming language and part of the ABAP Workbench that allows developers to create and run applications that contain program objects.

  • ABAP Workbench

    ABAP Workbench is a set of programs for developing enterprise resource management (ERM) applications that run in the R/3 subsystem from SAP. The latest version includes ABAP Objects, an object-oriented programming language.

  • Advanced Planner and Optimizer (APO)

    Advanced Planner and Optimizer (APO) is a set of software applications from the German-based software company SAP for supply chain management.

  • Application Link Enabling (ALE)

    Application Link Enabling (ALE) is a mechanism for the exchange of business data between loosely-coupled R/3 applications built by customers of SAP, the enterprise resource management program.

  • AribaPay

    AribaPay is a system for electronic payments for goods and services on the SAP Ariba Network, a global business trading community. AribaPay is designed to bring visibility and a consumer-like experiences B2B e-commerce, as well as replacing complex and inefficient paper-based invoicing processes and systems.

  • ASAP (AcceleratedSAP)

    ASAP (AcceleratedSAP) is a step-by-step methodology for speeding up the implementation of an SAP R/3 system. The components of ASAP, which can be used together or individually, are called accelerators.

  • ASUG (Americas' SAP Users' Group)

    ASUG (Americas' SAP Users' Group), founded in 1990, is the largest independent non-profit organization worldwide for users of products from SAP, which supplies enterprise resource management systems to the large enterprise.

  • SAP Ariba

    SAP Ariba is a software company that provides cloud-based procurement, spend management and supply chain services that enable suppliers and buyers to connect and do business globally.

  • B

    BEx (Business Explorer)

    In the SAP Business Information Warehouse (BW), BEx (Business Explorer) is the reporting tool used to work with data in the BW database.

  • Business Configuration Set (BC Set)

    In the R/3 system from SAP, a Business Configuration Set (BC Set) is a management tool that allows the user to record, save, and share customized settings.

  • SAP BAPI (Business Application Programming Interface)

    SAP BAPI (Business Application Programming Interface) is a standard interface to the business object models in SAP products.

  • SAP BW (Business Warehouse)

    SAP Business Warehouse (BW) is a model-driven data warehousing product based on the SAP NetWeaver ABAP platform.

  • C

    CATT (Computer Aided Test Tool)

    CATT (Computer Aided Test Tool) is a test tool in the ABAP Workbench package from SAP, part of its popular R/3 system.

  • Collaborative Master Data Management (CMDM)

    Collaborative Master Data Management (CMDM) is an integration tool from SAP, the German software company.

  • D

    Direct R/3

    Direct R/3 is a partnership program between Dell Computer Corporation and the software company SAP that allows customers to use Dell's commercial Web site to order Dell products with pre-bundled, pre-configured AcceleratedSAP (ASAP) R/3 products.

  • E

    enterprise information portal (EIP)

    The enterprise information portal (EIP), also known as a business portal, is a concept for a Web site that serves as a single gateway to a company's information and knowledge base for employees and possibly for customers, business partners, and the general public as well.

  • Enterprise Services Architecture (ESA)

    Enterprise Services Architecture (ESA) is SAP's enhanced version of service-oriented architecture (SOA)... (Continued)

  • ERM (enterprise resource management)

    ERM also stands for enterprise relationship management.

  • F

    Fieldglass

    SAP Fieldglass is a cloud-based software platform that allows companies to manage external workforces, including contractors, temporary workers, contingent labor, and statement of work (SOW) employees.

  • G

    Global Available-to-Promise

    Global Available-to-Promise is the SAP Supply Chain Management (SCM) module that allows companies to aggregate demand from different sources into one central location in SAP ERP.

  • H

    SAP HANA

    SAP HANA is an in-memory database and application development platform for processing high volumes of data in real time.

  • I

    IDoc (intermediate document)

    IDoc (intermediate document) is a standard data structure used in SAP applications to transfer data to and from SAP system applications and external systems.

  • inspection lots (SAP inspection lots)

    An inspection lot within the SAP Quality Management module is a formal notification of the inspection of certain materials or goods at a plant.

  • Internet Transaction Server (ITS)

    An integral component of SAP's mySAP product group, the Internet Transaction Server (ITS) is the interface that enables efficient communication between an R/3 system of applications and the Internet.

  • K

    knowledge warehouse (data repository)

    A knowledge warehouse is the component of an enterprise's knowledge management system where knowledge is developed, stored, organized, processed, and disseminated.

  • KW (Knowledge Warehouse)

    KW (Knowledge Warehouse; formerly called the Advanced Training Solution) is a product from SAP that provides tools for the development, exchange, integration, translation, and transfer of enterprise knowledge in various media.

  • L

    Logistics Execution System (LES)

    The Logistics Execution System (LES), a major component of the supply chain management (SCM) application from SAP, allows an administrator to manage the information and processes involved in all stages of the supply chain, from procuring raw materials to distributing finished products.

  • M

    mySAP

    MySAP, a product of the German software company SAP, is an e-business software integration tool that delivers content to a user based on his or her role in an enterprise.

  • N

    SAP NetWeaver

    SAP NetWeaver is a technology platform that allows organizations to integrate data, business processes, elements and more from a variety of sources into unified SAP environments.

  • O

    Online Service System (OSS)

    Online Service System (OSS) is a name that SAP has used to describe its provision of online access by users to a company's R/3 applications and data.

  • P

    point release

    A point release is a small or relatively minor software release that fixes or improves an existing software product.

  • R

    R/2

    R/2 is a set of coordinated business applications from SAP, a German company that introduced the product in 1979. R/2 gained popularity until the mid-1990s, when it was superseded by the more capable R/3 product, later updated by mySAP.com.

  • R/3

    R/3 is the comprehensive set of integrated business applications from SAP, the German company that states it is the market and technology leader in business application software.

  • R/3 Repository

    In the R/3 system from SAP, the R/3 Repository is the central place where development components in the ABAP Workbench are stored.

  • Remote Function Call (RFC)

    RFC is also an abbreviation for Request for Comments.

  • repetitive manufacturing

    Repetitive manufacturing (REM) is the means of production planning and control used to produce goods and materials in a repetitive manner.

  • requirements stability index (RSI)

    A requirement stability index (RSI) is a metric used to organize, control, and track changes to the originally specified requirements for a new system project or product.

  • S

    SAP

    SAP SE is a multinational software corporation that is currently the market leader in the enterprise resource planning (ERP) field.

  • SAP Afaria

    Afaria is a mobile device management (MDM) and mobile application management (MAM) software platform. 

  • SAP Analytics Cloud

    SAP Analytics Cloud (or SAP Cloud for Analytics) is a software as a service (SaaS) business intelligence (BI) platform designed by SAP. Analytics Cloud is made specifically with the intent of providing all analytics capabilities to all users in one product.

  • SAP Anywhere

    SAP Anywhere is a mobile-first, cloud-first, front-office platform aimed at very small businesses that combines sales, inventory management, order processing, commerce, marketing programs, mobile point of sale, customer support and engagement functions in one application.

  • SAP Basis

    Basis is a set of middleware programs and tools from SAP, the German company whose comprehensive R/3 product is used to help manage large corporations. (Continued...)

  • SAP Business ByDesign

    SAP Business ByDesign is a cloud-based ERP system designed for the middle and upper range of the SME market, as well as for subsidiaries of large enterprises in a two-tier ERP scenario. 

  • SAP Business One

    SAP Business One is an ERP software platform specifically intended for small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs).

  • SAP Business Suite

    SAP Business Suite is a bundle of end-to-end enterprise software applications that integrate data, processes and functions for important areas such as finance, sales and HR, as well as industry-focused features.

  • SAP BusinessObjects BI

    SAP BusinessObjects BI (SAP BO, also historically BOBJ) is a reporting and analytics business intelligence (BI) platform aimed at business users.

  • SAP C/4HANA

    SAP C/4HANA is a cloud-based customer experience and e-commerce platform.

  • SAP Cloud for Customer (SAP C4C)

    SAP Cloud for Customer (SAP C4C) is a cloud-based software as a service (SaaS) platform for sales and service professionals, comprised of SAP Cloud for Sales and SAP Cloud for Service, which are marketed as separate entities by SAP.

  • SAP Cloud Platform

    SAP Cloud Platform (SCP) is a platform-as-a-service (PaaS) product that provides a development and runtime environment for cloud applications.

  • SAP Cloud Platform ABAP Environment

    SAP Cloud Platform ABAP Environment is a software platform that allows SAP developers to use the ABAP language in cloud environments.

  • SAP Data Hub

    SAP Data Hub is software that enables organizations to manage and govern the flow of data from a variety of sources across the enterprise.

  • SAP Data Services

    SAP Data Services is a data integration and transformation software application.

  • SAP Design Studio

    SAP BusinessObjects Design Studio is an application that builds professionally authored dashboards across large enterprises.

  • SAP Digital Consumer Insight

    SAP Digital Consumer Insight is a data-as-a-service product that allows brick-and-mortar businesses to gain digital insights into their customer's behavior and demographics, using location and time data from mobile networks and analytics from SAP HANA.

  • SAP Digital CRM

    SAP Digital CRM is a simplified, mobile-first CRM application designed for individuals and small teams to manage sales, customer service and marketing campaign automation.

  • SAP Enterprise Support

    SAP Enterprise Support is a premium support and maintenance plan for SAP customers.

  • SAP ERP Central Component (SAP ECC)

    SAP ERP Central Component (SAP ECC) is the umbrella term for SAP's functional and technical software components that compose its ERP system.

  • SAP Exchange Infrastructure (SAP XI)

    SAP Exchange Infrastructure (SAP XI) is SAP's enterprise application integration (EAI) software, a component of the NetWeaver product group used to facilitate the exchange of information among a company's internal software and systems and those of externa

  • SAP FICO (SAP Finance and SAP Controlling)

    SAP FICO is a core functional component in SAP ERP Central Component that allows an organization to manage all of its financial data.

  • SAP Financial Supply Chain Management (SAP FIN-FSCM)

    SAP Financial Supply Chain Management (SAP FIN-FSCM) is a set of applications meant to support a company's cash-related business processes for more efficient management of working capital, receivables and payments.

  • SAP Fiori

    SAP Fiori is a design language and user experience approach developed by SAP for use by SAP, its customers and its partners in business applications.

  • SAP Gateway

    SAP Gateway is an open standards-based framework that developers can use to more easily connect non-SAP applications to SAP applications.

  • SAP Global Trade Services (SAP GTS)

    SAP Global Trade Services (SAP GTS) is an application that allows companies to support and define import and export trade processes in SAP ERP. GTS reduces the time and costs of complying with global trade regulations and provides visibility into the supply chain.

  • SAP HANA App Center

    SAP HANA App Center is a cloud-based service that connects buyers and sellers to applications that were developed on SAP's HANA in-memory database platform.

  • SAP HANA Cloud Platform, mobile service for app and device management

    SAP HANA Cloud Platform, mobile service for app and device management (formerly known as SAP Mobile Secure) is a mobile management tool for security.

  • SAP HANA One

    SAP HANA One is an inexpensive, private cloud-based instance of the SAP HANA platform, hosted in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud. SAP HANA is a data warehouse appliance for processing high volumes of operational and transactional data in real-time.

  • SAP HANA Vora

    SAP HANA Vora is an in-memory computing engine designed to make big data from Hadoop more accessible and usable for enterprises. It takes data stored in Hadoop and integrates it with data from enterprise systems, allowing data analysts to gain instant insight on the data and make contextually aware decisions.

  • SAP HEC (HANA Enterprise Cloud)

    SAP HEC (HANA Enterprise Cloud) is a managed, private cloud hosting service for SAP HANA and its related applications.

  • SAP indirect access

    SAP indirect access is the license violation that occurs when SAP customers allow third-party applications to communicate with SAP system data.

  • SAP Integration Adapter

    A SAP Integration Adapter is a product that facilitates the integration of a business application into an environment running SAP applications with SAP's NetWeaver and the SAP Exchange Infrastructure.

  • SAP Integration Repository

    SAP Integration Repository is the design configuration piece of the SAP Exchange Infrastructure (XI), the process integration layer of the NetWeaver component from SAP, the company that sells a widely-used enterprise application platform.

  • SAP Integration Server

    SAP Integration Server is the central component of SAP XI (Exchange Infrastructure), the company's enterprise application integration (EAI) product.

  • SAP Investment Management

    SAP Investment Management is a module in SAP ERP Central Component (ECC) that helps organizations plan and manage investments and capital expenditures.

  • SAP JAM

    SAP Jam is SAP's social media platform.

  • SAP Leonardo

    SAP Leonardo is an umbrella brand for SAP’s collection of software and services that organizations can use to develop digital transformation projects.

  • SAP Lumira

    SAP Lumira (formerly called SAP Visual Intelligence) is a self-service, data visualization application for business users.

  • SAP MaxAttention

    SAP MaxAttention is SAP's premium support plan for customers.

  • SAP MII (SAP Manufacturing Integration and Intelligence)

    SAP MII (SAP Manufacturing Integration and Intelligence) is an SAP application for synchronizing manufacturing operations with back-office business processes and standardized data.

  • SAP MM (SAP Materials Management)

    SAP MM (Materials Management) is a module in SAP ERP Central Component (ECC) that provides companies with materials, inventory and warehouse management capabilities.

  • SAP ONE Support

    SAP ONE Support is a program that allows customers to handle both on-premises and cloud support issues through a single, integrated portal.

  • SAP Planned Delivery Time

    SAP Planned Delivery Time (PDT) is a tool within the SAP ERP software used to update manufacturing planning data, namely the scheduled delivery of procured goods and materials so that production plans reflect the most current data.

  • SAP Plant Maintenance (PM)

    SAP Plant Maintenance (PM) is a component of the SAP ERP Central Component (ECC) that helps businesses support and maintain equipment and systems.

  • SAP Predictive Analytics

    SAP Predictive Analytics is software that is designed to enable business users and data analysts to extract information from big data sources, including the Internet of Things, to determine patterns and trends and then predict future outcomes or behaviors.

  • SAP Production Planning

    SAP Production Planning is a component of the SAP ERP system known as ERP Central Component (ECC) that helps businesses plan the manufacturing, sale, and distribution of goods.

  • SAP Project System (PS)

    SAP Project System is a module in the SAP ERP system that enables tightly controlled project management from planning to completion.

  • SAP Quality Management (QM)

    SAP Quality Management (QM) is a component of SAP ERP Central Component (ECC) that helps businesses implement and run quality control processes.

  • SAP Rapid Deployment Solutions (SAP RDS)

    SAP Rapid Deployment Solutions (RDS) are pre-configured applications that allow companies to deploy software in weeks or months for a set price.

  • SAP S/4HANA

    SAP S/4HANA is an ERP business suite based on the SAP HANA in-memory database that allows companies to perform transactions and analyze business data in real-time.

  • SAP S/4HANA Cloud

    SAP S/4HANA Cloud is a SaaS version of SAP S/4HANA ERP, a suite of integrated business applications.

  • SAP S/4HANA Finance

    SAP S/4HANA Finance is a financial application in the SAP S/4HANA ERP platform.

  • SAP S/4HANA HCM

    SAP S/4HANA HCM is the unofficial name of a product SAP will release in 2023 as a bridge to give SAP ERP HCM users more time to migrate to SAP's cloud HCM platform, SuccessFactors.

  • SAP Sales and Distribution (SAP SD)

    SAP Sales and Distribution (SAP SD) is a core functional module in SAP ERP Central Component (ECC) that allows organizations to store and manage customer- and product-related data.

  • SAP Single Sign On

    SAP Single Sign On is a security product from SAP that allows users to have secure access to SAP and non-SAP applications with a single password.

  • SAP Smart Data Access (SDA)

    Smart Data Access is a data virtualization feature in SAP HANA that allows customers to access data virtually from remote sources such as Hadoop, Oracle, Teradata, SQL Server and SAP databases and combine it with data that resides in an SAP HANA database.

  • SAP Solution Manager

    SAP Solution Manager is an end-to-end Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) platform used to support and manage SAP and non-SAP applications in an SAP ERP environment, including such tasks as managing custom code and overall system performance.

  • SAP SQL Anywhere

    SAP SQL Anywhere is an embedded RDBMS that makes it possible to develop applications that integrate IoT data with business data and can run outside of traditional data centers.

  • SAP SuccessFactors

    SAP SuccessFactors is a major vendor of cloud-based human capital management (HCM) software and talent management software.

  • SAP TwoGo

    SAP TwoGo is a cloud-based carpooling application.

  • Sapphire Now (SAP User Conference)

    SAP Sapphire Now is an annual conference for users and partners of SAP, the global business systems software company.

SearchERP

SearchOracle

SearchDataManagement

SearchAWS

SearchBusinessAnalytics

SearchContentManagement

SearchHRSoftware

Close