SAP administration / development Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing SAP software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting <a href="https://whatis.techtarget.com">WhatIs.com</a> or using the search box below.

  • A

    ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming)

    ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming) is the primary programming language supported on the SAP NetWeaver ABAP application server platform and applications that run on it, such as SAP ERP (formerly R/3), S/4HANA and CRM.

  • AribaPay

    AribaPay is a system for electronic payments for goods and services on the SAP Ariba Network, a global business trading community. AribaPay is designed to bring visibility and a consumer-like experiences B2B e-commerce, as well as replacing complex and inefficient paper-based invoicing processes and systems.

  • SAP Ariba

    SAP Ariba is a software company that provides cloud-based procurement, spend management and supply chain services that enable suppliers and buyers to connect and do business globally.

  • B

    SAP BAPI (Business Application Programming Interface)

    SAP BAPI (Business Application Programming Interface) is a standard interface to the business object models in SAP products.

  • SAP BW (Business Warehouse)

    SAP Business Warehouse (BW) is a model-driven data warehousing product based on the SAP NetWeaver ABAP platform.

  • F

    Fieldglass

    SAP Fieldglass is a cloud-based software platform that allows companies to manage external workforces, including contractors, temporary workers, contingent labor, and statement of work (SOW) employees.

  • G

    Global Available-to-Promise

    Global Available-to-Promise is the SAP Supply Chain Management (SCM) module that allows companies to aggregate demand from different sources into one central location in SAP ERP.

  • H

    SAP HANA

    SAP HANA is an in-memory database and application development platform for processing high volumes of data in real time.

  • I

    IDoc (intermediate document)

    IDoc (intermediate document) is a standard data structure used in SAP applications to transfer data to and from SAP system applications and external systems.

  • inspection lots (SAP inspection lots)

    An inspection lot within the SAP Quality Management module is a formal notification of the inspection of certain materials or goods at a plant.

  • N

    SAP NetWeaver

    SAP NetWeaver is a technology platform that allows organizations to integrate data, business processes, elements and more from a variety of sources into unified SAP environments.

  • P

    point release

    A point release is a small or relatively minor software release that fixes or improves an existing software product.

  • R

    repetitive manufacturing

    Repetitive manufacturing (REM) is the means of production planning and control used to produce goods and materials in a repetitive manner.

  • S

    SAP Afaria

    Afaria is a mobile device management (MDM) and mobile application management (MAM) software platform. 

  • SAP Analytics Cloud

    SAP Analytics Cloud (or SAP Cloud for Analytics) is a software as a service (SaaS) business intelligence (BI) platform designed by SAP. Analytics Cloud is made specifically with the intent of providing all analytics capabilities to all users in one product.

  • SAP Anywhere

    SAP Anywhere is a mobile-first, cloud-first, front-office platform aimed at very small businesses that combines sales, inventory management, order processing, commerce, marketing programs, mobile point of sale, customer support and engagement functions in one application.

  • SAP Basis

    Basis is a set of middleware programs and tools from SAP, the German company whose comprehensive R/3 product is used to help manage large corporations. (Continued...)

  • SAP Business ByDesign

    SAP Business ByDesign is a cloud-based ERP system designed for the middle and upper range of the SME market, as well as for subsidiaries of large enterprises in a two-tier ERP scenario. 

  • SAP Business One

    SAP Business One is an ERP software platform specifically intended for small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs).

  • SAP Business Suite

    SAP Business Suite is a bundle of end-to-end enterprise software applications that integrate data, processes and functions for important areas such as finance, sales and HR, as well as industry-focused features.

  • SAP BusinessObjects BI

    SAP BusinessObjects BI (SAP BO) is a centralized suite of reporting and analytics tools for business intelligence (BI) platforms.

  • SAP C/4HANA

    SAP C/4HANA is a cloud-based customer experience and e-commerce platform.

  • SAP Cloud for Customer (SAP C4C)

    SAP Cloud for Customer (SAP C4C) is a software as a service (SaaS) platform for sales and service.

  • SAP Cloud Platform

    SAP Cloud Platform (SCP) is a platform-as-a-service (PaaS) product that provides a development and runtime environment for cloud applications.

  • SAP Cloud Platform ABAP Environment

    SAP Cloud Platform ABAP Environment is a software platform that allows SAP developers to use the ABAP language in cloud environments.

  • SAP Data Hub

    SAP Data Hub is software that enables organizations to manage and govern the flow of data from a variety of sources across the enterprise.

  • SAP Data Services

    SAP Data Services is a data integration and transformation software application.

  • SAP Design Studio

    SAP BusinessObjects Design Studio is an application that builds professionally authored dashboards across large enterprises.

  • SAP Digital Consumer Insight

    SAP Digital Consumer Insight is a data-as-a-service product that allows brick-and-mortar businesses to gain digital insights into their customer's behavior and demographics, using location and time data from mobile networks and analytics from SAP HANA.

  • SAP Digital CRM

    SAP Digital CRM is a simplified, mobile-first CRM application designed for individuals and small teams to manage sales, customer service and marketing campaign automation.

  • SAP Enterprise Support

    SAP Enterprise Support is a premium support and maintenance plan for SAP customers.

  • SAP ERP

    SAP ERP is an enterprise resource planning software developed by the company SAP SE.

  • SAP ERP Central Component (SAP ECC)

    SAP ERP Central Component (SAP ECC) is an on-premises enterprise resource planning (ERP) system that is commonly referred to as simply "SAP ERP."

  • SAP FICO (SAP Finance and SAP Controlling)

    SAP FICO is an important core functional component in SAP ERP Central Component that allows an organization to manage all of its financial data.

  • SAP Financial Supply Chain Management (SAP FIN-FSCM)

    SAP Financial Supply Chain Management (SAP FIN-FSCM) is a set of applications meant to support a company's cash-related business processes for more efficient management of working capital, receivables and payments.

  • SAP Fiori

    SAP Fiori is a design language and user experience approach developed by SAP for use by SAP, its customers and its partners in business applications.

  • SAP Gateway

    SAP Gateway is an open standards-based framework that developers can use to more easily connect non-SAP applications to SAP applications.

  • SAP Global Trade Services (SAP GTS)

    SAP Global Trade Services (GTS) is software that allows companies to support and define import and export trade processes in SAP ERP.

  • SAP HANA App Center

    SAP HANA App Center is a cloud-based service that connects buyers and sellers to applications that were developed on SAP's HANA in-memory database platform.

  • SAP HANA Cloud Platform, mobile service for app and device management

    SAP HANA Cloud Platform, mobile service for app and device management (formerly known as SAP Mobile Secure) is a mobile management tool for security.

  • SAP HANA One

    SAP HANA One is an inexpensive, private cloud-based instance of the SAP HANA platform, hosted in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud. SAP HANA is a data warehouse appliance for processing high volumes of operational and transactional data in real-time.

  • SAP HANA Vora

    SAP HANA Vora is an in-memory computing engine designed to make big data from Hadoop more accessible and usable for enterprises. It takes data stored in Hadoop and integrates it with data from enterprise systems, allowing data analysts to gain instant insight on the data and make contextually aware decisions.

  • SAP HEC (HANA Enterprise Cloud)

    SAP HEC (HANA Enterprise Cloud) is a managed, private cloud hosting service for SAP HANA and its related applications.

  • SAP indirect access

    SAP indirect access is the license violation that occurs when SAP customers allow third-party applications to communicate with SAP system data.

  • SAP Investment Management

    SAP Investment Management is a module in SAP ERP Central Component (ECC) that helps organizations plan and manage investments and capital expenditures.

  • SAP JAM

    SAP Jam is SAP's social media platform.

  • SAP Leonardo

    SAP Leonardo is an umbrella brand for SAP’s collection of software and services that organizations can use to develop digital transformation projects.

  • SAP Lumira

    SAP Lumira (formerly called SAP Visual Intelligence) is a self-service, data visualization application for business users.

  • SAP MaxAttention

    SAP MaxAttention is SAP's premium support plan for customers.

  • SAP MII (SAP Manufacturing Integration and Intelligence)

    SAP MII (SAP Manufacturing Integration and Intelligence) is an SAP application for synchronizing manufacturing operations with back-office business processes and standardized data.

  • SAP MM (SAP Materials Management)

    SAP MM (Materials Management) is a module in SAP ERP Central Component (ECC) that provides companies with materials, inventory and warehouse management capabilities.

  • SAP ONE Support

    SAP ONE Support is a program that allows customers to handle both on-premises and cloud support issues through a single, integrated portal.

  • SAP Planned Delivery Time

    SAP Planned Delivery Time (PDT) is a tool within the SAP ERP software used to update manufacturing planning data, namely the scheduled delivery of procured goods and materials so that production plans reflect the most current data.

  • SAP Plant Maintenance (PM)

    SAP Plant Maintenance (PM) is a component of the SAP ERP Central Component (ECC) that helps businesses support and maintain equipment and systems.

  • SAP Predictive Analytics

    SAP Predictive Analytics is business intelligence software from SAP that is designed to enable organizations to analyze large data sets and predict future outcomes and behaviors.

  • SAP Production Planning

    SAP Production Planning is a component of the SAP ERP system known as ERP Central Component (ECC) that helps businesses plan the manufacturing, sale, and distribution of goods.

  • SAP Project System (PS)

    SAP Project System is a module in the SAP ERP system that enables tightly controlled project management from planning to completion.

  • SAP Quality Management (QM)

    SAP Quality Management (QM) is a component of SAP ERP Central Component (ECC) that helps businesses implement and run quality control processes.

  • SAP Rapid Deployment Solutions (SAP RDS)

    SAP Rapid Deployment Solutions (RDS) are pre-configured applications that allow companies to deploy software in weeks or months for a set price.

  • SAP S/4HANA

    SAP S/4HANA is an ERP business suite based on the SAP HANA in-memory database that allows companies to perform transactions and analyze business data in real-time.

  • SAP S/4HANA Cloud

    SAP S/4HANA Cloud is a SaaS version of SAP S/4HANA ERP, a suite of integrated business applications.

  • SAP S/4HANA Finance

    SAP S/4HANA Finance is a financial application in the SAP S/4HANA ERP platform.

  • SAP S/4HANA HCM

    SAP S/4HANA HCM is the unofficial name of a product SAP will release in 2023 as a bridge to give SAP ERP HCM users more time to migrate to SAP's cloud HCM platform, SuccessFactors.

  • SAP Sales and Distribution (SAP SD)

    SAP Sales and Distribution (SAP SD) is a core functional module in SAP ERP Central Component (ECC) that allows organizations to store and manage customer- and product-related data.

  • SAP Single Sign On

    SAP Single Sign On is a security product from SAP that allows users to have secure access to SAP and non-SAP applications with a single password.

  • SAP Smart Data Access (SDA)

    Smart Data Access is a data virtualization feature in SAP HANA that allows customers to access data virtually from remote sources such as Hadoop, Oracle, Teradata, SQL Server and SAP databases and combine it with data that resides in an SAP HANA database.

  • SAP Solution Manager

    SAP Solution Manager is an end-to-end Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) platform used to support and manage SAP and non-SAP applications in an SAP ERP environment, including such tasks as managing custom code and overall system performance.

  • SAP SQL Anywhere

    SAP SQL Anywhere is an embedded RDBMS that makes it possible to develop applications that integrate IoT data with business data and can run outside of traditional data centers.

  • SAP SuccessFactors

    SAP SuccessFactors is a major vendor of cloud-based human capital management (HCM) software and talent management software.

  • SAP TwoGo

    SAP TwoGo is a cloud-based carpooling application.

  • Sapphire Now (SAP User Conference)

    SAP Sapphire Now is an annual conference for users and partners of SAP, the global business systems software company.

  • SAPUI5

    SAPUI5 is SAP's toolkit for building web applications using HTML5.

  • shelfware

    Shelfware is IT slang for software that a company buys because of a perceived need or demand but never uses; hence, it sits on the shelf.

  • SuccessFactors Employee Central

    SuccessFactors Employee Central is SuccessFactors' integrated suite of human capital management (HCM) cloud applications.

  • SuccessFactors MetaData Framework

    The SuccessFactors Metadata Framework is Web-based software that gives SuccessFactors users the ability to create and maintain custom objects, screens and business rules to extend the platform’s functionality.

  • SuccessFactors Presentations

    SuccessFactors Presentations is a feature within SuccessFactors software that HR managers can use to create more dynamic talent review presentations.

  • T

    technical debt

    In software development, technical debt is a metaphor equating Extreme Programming’s incremental, get-something-started approach with the easy acquisition of money through fast loans. Like monetary debt, technical debt must be repaid.

  • V

    vendor management system (VMS)

    A vendor management system (VMS) is an enterprise software platform that allows companies to control the process of procuring and managing a flexible workforce, including temporary employees, statement-of-work (SOW) employees, and freelance or contract employees.

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