Tip

Loop and select in one statement

If you want a select on each record in an internal table in SAP you can avoid programming a loop with a single select using the following statment. This solution will increase performance radically. Remember: database access is time consuming.
The code has been tested and edited by user Ben Meijs to ensure accuracy.


Report zzatip.

Data: begin of data_package occurs 0,

              Matnr like mara-matnr,

         end of data_package.

types: begin of ty_mara,
          matnr like mara-matnr,
          matkl like mara-matkl,
       end   of ty_mara.
data: wa_mara type ty_mara.
data: ta_mara type sorted table of ty_mara
              with non-unique key matnr.
* First, data must be available in the table DATA_PACKAGE
      
* Then the corresponding materialdata from MARA must be read
  SELECT MATNR MATKL INTO TABLE TA_MARA
  FROM MARA 
  FOR ALL ENTRIES IN DATA_PACKAGE
  WHERE MATNR = DATA_PACKAGE-MATNR.

* With the following loop you can combine the records.

LOOP AT DATA_PACKAGE.
  LOOP AT TA_MARA into wa_mara 
                 WHERE MATNR = DATA_PACKAGE-MATNR.
     .
     .....
  ENDLOOP.
ENDLOOP.

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This was first published in August 2002

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