Get SAPScript output as PDF and launch Acrobat inside SAPGUI itself

A very common requirement for programmers writing ABAP code for printing using SAPScript Forms is to redirect output to a PDF (Adobe Acrobat) file.

A very common requirement for programmers writing ABAP code for printing using SAPScript Forms is to redirect output

to a PDF (Adobe Acrobat) file. I struggled for a few days trying to find a solution to this. Though I found quite a few examples on the web, it was difficult figuring out which technique was optimal. This tip is borne out of these struggles.

This is an example of how to use ABAP code to save output of a print routine using a SAPScript form into PDF format and also display it within the SAP frontend itself. This routine proves extremely useful to provide users the ability to save local copies of output and preview it within the user-friendly Acrobat Reader control, all without leaving the SAP frontend or your program. Since function modules are used, the code is portable and this technique can be used in any other ABAP program as well.

Two function modules, Z_DS_CREATE_LOCAL_PDF_FILE and Z_DS_CALL_PDF_VIEWER need to be created. I have used a function group called Z5_DS_PDF for this purpose. The function group contains the ABAP objects code for declaration and implementation of a class that encapsulates the Acrobat application functionality. The function group also contains a screen '0901', that epresents our PDF viewer and one PBO and one PAI block for the same screen.

Note: The following example has been stripped of essential error-handling for the sake of simplicity and the programmer is assumed to possess knowledge of creation of function groups, function modules, screens and SAPScript forms. ABAP objects or custom controls knowledge is not mandatory. Be patient when trying this out and follow all instructions thoroughly. The results will be worth the effort.

Steps to follow to get this example running:
1) Create a function group (Example : Z5_DS_PDF)
2) Define the top include and place the code listed below into it (LZ5_DS_PDFTOP)
3) Create screen '0901' in function group with three elements:
a) Pushbutton CLOSE at the top with function code 'CLO' (this is to exit preview screen)
b) Custom control container (Large- spanning entire screen) named MY_CONTAINER
c) The customary OK code field called OK_CODE
Note: The names of the elements should be exactly as described above
4) Create one output and one input module in the flow logic of screen '0901' for which the code is provided below
5) Define two function modules with the following signatures:

a) FUNCTION Z_DS_CREATE_LOCAL_PDF_FILE
EXPORTING
REFERENCE(AFILENAME) LIKE RLGRAP-FILENAME
TABLES
OTF_LINES STRUCTURE ITCOO

b) FUNCTION Z_DS_CALL_PDF_VIEWER
IMPORTING
VALUE(FILENAME) TYPE STRING
Code is provided below.

6) Compile and activate the function group
7) Create a simple SAPScript form with one page and one window
8) Define one element in the text for the main window called 'HELLO' and some static text in it
9) Check and activate the form
10) Create the example program (Example : Z5_DS_SCRIPT2PDF) with the below code
11) Run the example

NOTES: I tested this code in R/3 version 4.6C but it should work in all 4.6 setups. I'm pretty sure some of the ABAP objects code I have used may not work with R/3 4.0 versions and earlier. Also, it works perfectly only when Acrobat Reader is installed on the presentation server. I have checked it with Acrobat versions 4 and 5 but I haven't had the opportunity to check it with Acrobat Reader 6.
 

*____________________________________________________________________________________

****
**** Code inside top include LZ5_DS_PDFTOP of function group Z5_DS_PDF
****

FUNCTION-POOL Z5_DS_PDF.                    "MESSAGE-ID ..

*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       CLASS CL_GUI_PDF  DEFINITION                                  *
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       ........                                                      *
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
CLASS CL_GUI_PDF DEFINITION
  INHERITING FROM CL_GUI_CONTROL.

  PUBLIC SECTION.

    TYPES:
      COL_TYPE  TYPE INT4.

    METHODS:
      CONSTRUCTOR
        IMPORTING
          !PARENT            TYPE REF TO CL_GUI_CONTAINER
          VALUE(SHELLSTYLE)  TYPE I OPTIONAL
          VALUE(DISP_MODE)   TYPE I OPTIONAL
          VALUE(LIFE_TIME)   TYPE I OPTIONAL
          VALUE(NAME)        TYPE STRING OPTIONAL
        EXCEPTIONS
          CNTL_ERROR
          CNTL_INSTALL_ERROR.

    METHODS:
      LOADFILE
        IMPORTING
          VALUE(FILENAME) TYPE STRING
        EXCEPTIONS
          FILE_NOT_FOUND.

    METHODS:
      REFRESH.

    METHODS:
      DISPATCH REDEFINITION.

ENDCLASS.


DATA: MY_CONTAINER TYPE REF TO CL_GUI_CUSTOM_CONTAINER.
DATA: MY_PDF TYPE REF TO CL_GUI_PDF.
data: ok_code like sy-ucomm.
data: file_name type string.


***********************************************************************
* custom control class implementation
***********************************************************************
CLASS CL_GUI_PDF IMPLEMENTATION.

  METHOD CONSTRUCTOR.

    DATA:
      CTRL_NAME(80) TYPE C.

    IF NOT CL_GUI_OBJECT=>ACTIVEX IS INITIAL.
      CTRL_NAME = '{CA8A9780-280D-11CF-A24D-444553540000}'.
    ELSE.
      RAISE CNTL_ERROR.
    ENDIF.

    CALL METHOD SUPER->CONSTRUCTOR
      EXPORTING
        CLSID        = CTRL_NAME
        SHELLSTYLE   = SHELLSTYLE
        PARENT       = PARENT
        LIFETIME     = LIFE_TIME
        NAME         = NAME
      EXCEPTIONS
        CNTL_SYSTEM_ERROR = 1
        OTHERS            = 2.

    CASE SY-SUBRC.
      WHEN 1.
        RAISE CNTL_INSTALL_ERROR.
      WHEN 2.
        RAISE CNTL_ERROR.
    ENDCASE.

    CALL METHOD CL_GUI_CFW=>SUBSCRIBE
      EXPORTING
        REF = ME
        SHELLID = ME->H_CONTROL-SHELLID
      EXCEPTIONS
        OTHERS = 1.
    IF SY-SUBRC NE 0.
      RAISE CNTL_ERROR.
    ENDIF.

  ENDMETHOD.

  METHOD LOADFILE.

    CALL METHOD ME->CALL_METHOD
      EXPORTING
        METHOD = 'LoadFile'
        P_COUNT = 1
        P1      = FILENAME.

  ENDMETHOD.


  METHOD REFRESH.

    CALL METHOD ME->CALL_METHOD
      EXPORTING
        METHOD = 'Refresh'
        P_COUNT = 0.

  ENDMETHOD.

  METHOD DISPATCH.

    CALL METHOD CL_GUI_CFW=>FLUSH.
    IF SY-SUBRC NE 0.
      RAISE CNTL_ERROR.
    ENDIF.

  ENDMETHOD.

ENDCLASS.

****
**** End of code for LZ5_DS_PDFTOP
****



*____________________________________________________________________________________



****
**** Code for Function Module Z_DS_CREATE_LOCAL_PDF_FILE
****

FUNCTION Z_DS_CREATE_LOCAL_PDF_FILE .
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
*"*"Local interface:
*"  EXPORTING
*"     REFERENCE(AFILENAME) LIKE  RLGRAP-FILENAME
*"  TABLES
*"      OTF_LINES STRUCTURE  ITCOO
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
  DATA: PDF_LINES
  LIKE TLINE OCCURS 1000 WITH HEADER LINE,
   ARCH LIKE TOA_DARA, NO_LINES TYPE I.

  CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERT_OTF'
       EXPORTING
            FORMAT       = 'PDF'
       IMPORTING
            BIN_FILESIZE = NO_LINES
       TABLES
            OTF          = OTF_LINES
            LINES        = PDF_LINES.


  CALL FUNCTION 'DOWNLOAD'
       EXPORTING
            BIN_FILESIZE = NO_LINES
            FILENAME     = 'c:test.pdf'
            FILETYPE     = 'BIN'
       IMPORTING
            ACT_FILENAME = AFILENAME
       TABLES
            DATA_TAB     = PDF_LINES.



ENDFUNCTION.

****
**** End of Code for Z_DS_CREATE_LOCAL_PDF_FILE
****



*____________________________________________________________________________________



****
**** Code for Function Module Z_DS_CALL_PDF_VIEWER
****

FUNCTION Z_DS_CALL_PDF_VIEWER .
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
*"*"Local interface:
*"  IMPORTING
*"     VALUE(FILENAME) TYPE  STRING
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
  FILE_NAME = FILENAME.
  IF MY_CONTAINER IS INITIAL.
    CREATE OBJECT MY_CONTAINER
              EXPORTING
               CONTAINER_NAME              = 'MY_CONTAINER'.

    CREATE OBJECT MY_PDF
    EXPORTING
        NAME = 'MY_PDF'
        PARENT = MY_CONTAINER.

  ENDIF.

  CALL SCREEN 901. " Ensure screen is created as per instructions 
ENDFUNCTION.

****
**** End of Code for Z_DS_CALL_PDF_VIEWER
****



*____________________________________________________________________________________



****
**** Flow Logic for screen '0901'
****

PROCESS BEFORE OUTPUT.

  MODULE INIT.

PROCESS AFTER INPUT.

  MODULE USER_COMMAND_0901.


****
**** End of Flow Logic for screen '0901'
****



*____________________________________________________________________________________



****
**** PBO module INIT for screen '0901'
****

MODULE init OUTPUT.
    call method my_pdf->loadfile
          exporting filename = file_name.
ENDMODULE.                 " init  OUTPUT

****
**** End of PBO module INIT for screen '0901'
****


*____________________________________________________________________________________



****
**** PAI module USER_COMMAND_901 for screen '0901'
****

MODULE USER_COMMAND_0901 INPUT.
 case ok_code.
 when 'CLO'.
   set screen 0.
 endcase.
ENDMODULE.                 " USER_COMMAND_0901  INPUT

****
**** End of PAI module USER_COMMAND_901 for screen '0901'
****



*____________________________________________________________________________________



****
**** Example program Z5_DS_SCRIPT2PDF
****

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report  Z5_DS_SCRIPT2PDF                                            *
*&                                                                     *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& This report works only if the function modules                      *
*& Z_DS_CREATE_LOCAL_PDF_FILE and Z_DS_CALL_PDF_VIEWER already exist   *
*& Also use an already existing simple SAPScript Form that contains a  *
*& window "MAIN" and rework printing code if necessary, remember to    *
*& change the output device name in OPTIONS-TDDEST                     *
*&                                                                     *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

REPORT  Z5_DS_SCRIPT2PDF.
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*


PARAMETERS: FORM LIKE RSSCF-TDFORM DEFAULT 'Z5_DS_HELLO2'. "your form

DATA: OTF_LINES LIKE ITCOO OCCURS 1000 WITH HEADER LINE,
      OPTIONS TYPE ITCPO, FILENAME LIKE RLGRAP-FILENAME,
      FILENAME_S TYPE STRING.

START-OF-SELECTION.

  OPTIONS-TDDEST = 'LP01'.

*  Replace 'LP01' above with your default output device

  OPTIONS-TDCOPIES = 1.
  OPTIONS-TDGETOTF = 'X'. " the key to returning OTF data

************************************************************************
* Open the SapScript Form with the name "form"                         *
************************************************************************
  CALL FUNCTION 'OPEN_FORM'
       EXPORTING
            FORM         = FORM    " name of form (SE71)
            OPTIONS      = OPTIONS
            DIALOG       = ' '.


************************************************************************
* Execute the element "HELLO" in window MAIN
*  - Nothing happens if /E HELLO is not declared in MAIN
************************************************************************
  CALL FUNCTION 'WRITE_FORM'
       EXPORTING
            ELEMENT = 'HELLO'  "execute element /E HELLO
            TYPE    = 'BODY'. "normal output


************************************************************************
* Close the current SapScript Form
************************************************************************
  CALL FUNCTION 'CLOSE_FORM'
       TABLES
             OTFDATA      = OTF_LINES. " Retrieve all the OTF so far


************************************************************************
* Code for PDF Formatting and creation of local File
************************************************************************
  CALL FUNCTION 'Z_DS_CREATE_LOCAL_PDF_FILE'
       IMPORTING
            AFILENAME = FILENAME
       TABLES
            OTF_LINES = OTF_LINES.

  FILENAME_S = FILENAME.

************************************************************************
* Code to launch Adobe Acrobat inplace in SAPGUI
************************************************************************
  CALL FUNCTION 'Z_DS_CALL_PDF_VIEWER'
       EXPORTING
            FILENAME = FILENAME_S.

****
**** End of example program Z5_DS_SCRIPT2PDF
****

*____________________________________________________________________________________
This was first published in October 2003

Dig deeper on SAPscript and Smart Forms

Pro+

Features

Enjoy the benefits of Pro+ membership, learn more and join.

0 comments

Oldest 

Forgot Password?

No problem! Submit your e-mail address below. We'll send you an email containing your password.

Your password has been sent to:

SearchManufacturingERP

SearchOracle

SearchDataManagement

SearchAWS

SearchBusinessAnalytics

SearchCRM

SearchContentManagement

SearchFinancialApplications

Close