First things first … transaction SM62 is used to create SAP events, transaction SM64 is used to trigger SAP events within the application, and SAPEVT.exe is used to trigger SAP events while outside the application. Transaction SM36 is used to create background jobs and transaction SM37 is used to monitor and manage background jobs.
Transaction SM62 -- Define events
You can create and display "User Event Names" via SM62. Although user event names don't have to start with the letter "Z", I recommend you use it to quickly differentiate between pre-delivered SAP events and your own.
An event by itself doesn't do anything. A background job needs to be defined and configured to wait for the event. Therefore, you create the background job via SM36 and specify the new event name as the "Start Condition".
Notice that the new background job can be defined as a periodic job. This allows you to trigger the job in the future as opposed to one time only.
Transaction SM64 -- Trigger events within SAP
To trigger an event, run transaction SM64 and specify the event name.
SAPEVT.exe is part of the R/3 Kernel and located under the usrsap
The syntax is as follows:
sapevt <EventName> pf=<Path_to_Default_Profile>
SAPEVT is a stand-alone executable that can be copied into remote computers. That's right! You can execute an event right from your laptop or desktop computer.
So, is there anything else required on the remote computer besides the executable? Yes. You need to have an entry in the "services" file with the TCP port for the SAP messenger of the SAP instance. You can edit the file with Notepad or any plain-text editor and add the necessary entry at the end. The file is located under the %systemroot%system32driversetc directory.
Add the line below and save the file:
Also, please notice that you need to have read access to the "default.pfl" file on the SAP instance.
Now that you know how to trigger events to kick off SAP jobs you can smile every time an interface job is needed.
Overcoming Basis challenges inside and outside the box
Basis challenge #1: Triggering jobs inside and outside SAP
Basis challenge #2: Reaching outside the application
Basis challenge #3: Obtaining the SAPGUI version of all computers
Review: Conclusion and more resources
This was first published in January 2006